GRAMMAR: Глагол to be in Present, Past, Future Simple

Beginner.

Глагол to be занимает огромное место в английском языке, поэтому крайне важно помнить его основные формы.

Спряжение глагола to be ( быть ) в Present Simple Tense  

Утверждение

Отрицание

Вопрос

I am

I am not

Am I?

He is

He is not (isn't)

Is he?

She is

She is not  (isn't)

Is she?

It is

It is not  (isn't)

Is it?

We are

We are not  (aren't)

Are we?

You are

You are not  (aren't)

Are you?

They are

They are not  (aren't)

Are they?

Обратите внимание, что в русском языке глагол "быть" в настоящем времени не употребляется.

I am a teacher of English and all my family is happy about it. - Я учитель английского, и вся моя семья очень рада этому.

Is he at home now? - Он сейчас дома?


Спряжение глагола to be ( быть ) в Past Simple Tense  

Утверждение

Отрицание

Вопрос

I was

I was not  (wasn't)

Was I?

He was

He was not  ( was n't)

Was he?

She was

She was not  ( was n't)

Was she?

It was

It was not  ( was n't)

Was it?

We were

We were not  ( were n't)

Were we?

You were

You were not  ( were n't)

Were you?

They were

They were not  ( were n't)

Were they?

Were you at school yesterday? - Ты был вчера в школе?

She wasn't glad to see me. - Она не была рада меня видеть.

Спряжение глагола to be ( быть ) в Future Simple Tense  

Утверждение

Отрицание

Вопрос

I shall be/ will be

I shall not  ( shan 't) be/ will not (won't) be

Shall/ Will  I be?

He will be

He will not  (won't) be

Will he be?

She will be

She will not  (won't) be

Will she be?

It will be

It will not  (won't) be

Will it be?

We shall be/ will be

We  shall not ( shan 't) be/ will not  (won't) be

Shall/ W ill we be?

You will be

You will not  (won't) be 

Will you be?

They will be

They will not  (won't) be

Will they be?

Will you be at work tomorrow? - Ты завтра будешь на работе?

They will be in the country at the weekend. - Они будут за городом на выходных.

Отметьте все предложения с глаголом "to be".
Образуйте краткие отрицательные формы.
Сделайте предложения отрицательными. Используйте краткие отрицательные формы.
Задайте к предложениям общие вопросы.
Заполните пропуски необходимой формой глагола "to be".