UNIT: Fukushima - 5 Years Later

Intermediate. Present Perfect Elementary, Past Perfect. История/Культура, Технологии


meltdown - расплавление fuel rod - урановый стержень
underway в стадии реализации authorities - правительство
to contaminate - загрязнять, заражать constant - постоянный
decade - десяток to expose - ставить под удар
an environmentalist эколог severe - серьёзный, строгий

Five years ago a powerful  earthquake  and a following tsunani  struck Japan's northeastern coast, killing 19000 people. The disaster led to the  meltdown  of three nuclear reactors at Fukushima.

5 years later, cleanup work at the reactor site is still  underway Although many  contaminated  buildings have been cleared and radiation is low it will take  decades  to restore the area completely.

Residents   have been able to return to nearby villages but about 100 000 former citizens of Fukushima cannot come back yet. Thousands are still living in temporary housing provided by the government.

One of the problems that Tepco, the energy company that operates Fukushima, faces is water.  Groundwater  from the nearby mountains continues to flow through the contaminated site. Filters must clean the water and remove radiation. At the moment, workers are building a wall around the nuclear complex to prevent rain and ground water from getting into the basement of surrounding houses.  Environmentalists  are worried that  radioactive water may flow into the ocean  and affect  fish population.

Another problem is the nuclear fuel which melted down. The fuel   rods  inside the reactor are still in place, however,  authorities  do not want to build a concrete containment ,  similar to the one that was built in   Chernobyl 30 years ago.

Everyday life in and around the nuclear site is still dangerous. Radiation levels are  constantly monitored and when workers are  exposed  to too much radiation they have to stop working. Robots are sent into the reactor core to research the area and make videos.

The worst nuclear disaster after Chernobyl hit Japan's economy  severely. It has cost the country over $200 billion to compensate its loss of   nuclear energy   through fossil fuels. The total cost of cleanup work is expected to run to an additional $200 billion.

Japan's energy authorities do not seem to want to give up nuclear energy completely. After all of the country's reactors had been shut down  after the disaster, three have been started again .

Answer the following questions:
Is the information TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
Match the words and the translation.
Read about the Present Perfect and choose the correct answers.
Read about the Past Perfect and complete the sentences using the given verbs.
Change the sentences using the Present and the Past Perfect.
Translate the sentences into English.
Make up sentences with the following words:
Express your opinion on the following: