UNIT: China Announces End of One Child Policy
LEARN THE WORDS:
| a decade - десяток || a disadvantage - недостаток |
| authorities - власти || a benefit - преимущество |
| workforce - рабочая сила || rural - деревенский |
| to aim - стремиться || regulation - постановление |
| a fine - штраф || to determine - определять |
The Chinese government has announced the end of its one-child policy. It has been in effect since 1979 and has slowed down population growth in China for over three decades. Without the policy, China would probably have a total of 1.7 billion people instead of the 1.3 billion it has today. Now Chinese couples can officially have two children.
The decision comes at a time when Chinese authorities are worried about their country's ageing population. China's economic growth is endangered because fewer young workers are entering the workforce . At the moment, about a third of China's population is over 50. By 2050, over 35 % of the population will be over 65.
China started its family planning policy, aimed at slowing down population growth, at the end of the 1970s. Couples who had a second child had to pay fines and suffered from disadvantages at work. The single child of a family was supported by state benefits and free education up to a university degree. While this policy focused mainly on urban areas, families in rural China were allowed to have two children if the first was a girl. The policy led to hundreds of thousands of abortions over the decades. Illegally -born girls were often laid away or adopted by westerners. This has led to a gender imbalance in China.
Human rights organizations continue to criticize China's population planning. They say the new regulations simply change a one-child policy into a two-child policy. Women still do not have the right to determine how many children they want to have.
Answer the following questions:
Is the information TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
Match the words and the translation.
Read about the Passive Voice and choose the correct answers.
Read about the Passive Voice and choose the correct form of the verb in brackets.
Change the sentences using the Passive Voice and the verbs given in brackets.
Translate the sentences into English.
Make up sentences with the following words:
Express your opinion on the following: