UNIT: China Announces End of One Child Policy

Intermediate. Passive Voice Pre-Intermediate. История/Культура


a decade - десяток a disadvantage - недостаток
authorities - власти a benefit - преимущество
workforce - рабочая сила rural - деревенский
to aim - стремиться regulation - постановление
a fine - штраф to determine - определять

The Chinese  government  has  announced  the end of its   one-child  policy. It has been  in effect   since 1979 and has slowed down population  growth  in China for over three  decades. Without the policy, China would probably have a total of 1.7  billion  people instead of the 1.3 billion it has today. Now Chinese  couples  can officially have two children.

The decision comes at a time when Chinese  authorities  are worried about their country's  ageing   population. China's economic growth is endangered  because fewer young workers are entering the  workforce . At the moment, about a third of China's  population is over 50. By 2050, over 35 % of the population will be over 65.

China started its  family planning   policy,  aimed  at slowing down population growth, at the end of the 1970s.  Couples who had a second child had to pay  fines  and suffered from  disadvantages  at work. The single child of a family was  supported  by state  benefits  and free education up to a university  degree. While this policy  focused  mainly on  urban areas, families in  rural  China were allowed to have two children if the first was a girl. The policy led to hundreds of thousands of  abortions  over the decades.  Illegally -born girls were often laid away or adopted by westerners. This has led to gender imbalance   in China.

Human rights   organizations continue to criticize China's population planning. They say the new  regulations  simply change a one-child policy into a two-child policy. Women still do not have the right to  determine  how many children they want to have.

Answer the following questions:
Is the information TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
Match the words and the translation.
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Read about the Passive Voice and choose the correct form of the verb in brackets.
Change the sentences using the Passive Voice and the verbs given in brackets.
Translate the sentences into English.
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