UNIT: Critical Skills That Will Pay Dividends Forever Part III

Advanced. Linking verbs. Жизнь/психология

LEARN THE WORDS:

temporary - временный initiative - инициатива
to dig (dug, dug) one's heels in - упираться, не уступать scared - испуганный
wisely - благоразумно, мудро obstacle - препятствие
to stand (stood, stood) one's ground - отстаивать своё мнение to breed (bred, bred) - порождать
to bite (bit, bitten) one's tongue - прикусить язык to magnify - увеличивать

Read Part I here  and Part II here.

Knowing when to shut up.   Sure, it can feel  so  good to unload on somebody and let them know what you really think, but that good feeling is temporary. What happens the next day, the next week, or the next year? It’s human nature to want to prove that you’re right, but it’s rarely effective. In conflict, unchecked emotion makes you dig your heels in and fight the kind of battle that can leave you and the relationship severely damaged. When you read and respond to your emotions, you’re able to choose your battles wisely and only stand your ground when the time is right. The vast majority of the time, that means biting your tongue.

Taking initiative.   Initiative is a skill that will take you far in life. In theory, initiative is easy - the desire to take action is always there - but in the real world, other things get in the way. There’s a big difference between knowing what to do and being too scared or lazy to actually do it. That requires initiative. You have to take risks and push yourself out of your comfort zone, until taking initiative is second nature.

Staying positive.  We've all received the well-meaning advice to " stay positive." It's hard to find the motivation to focus on the positive when positivity seems like nothing more than wishful thinking. The real obstacle to positivity is that our brains are hard-wired to look for and focus on threats. This survival mechanism served humankind well, back when we were hunters and gatherers and living each day with the very real threat of being killed by someone or something in our immediate surroundings.

That was long ago. Today, this mechanism breeds pessimism and negativity through the mind's tendency to wander until it finds a threat. These "threats" magnify the perceived likelihood that things are going - and / or are going to go - poorly. When the threat is real and lurking in the bushes down the path, this mechanism serves you well. When the threat is imagined and you spend two months convinced that the project you're working on is going to flop, this mechanism leaves you with a soured view of reality that wreaks havoc in your life. Maintaining positivity is a daily challenge that requires focus and attention. You must be intentional about staying positive if you're going to overcome the brain's tendency to focus on threats.

Answer the following questions:
Is the information TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
Match the words and the translation.
Match the words and their synonyms.
Read about linking verbs and mark correct sentences.
Translate the sentences into English.
Make up sentences with the following words:
Express your opinion on the following: