UNIT: Pet dogs lower stress in kids

Pre-Intermediate. Passive Voice Pre-Intermediate. Спорт/Здоровье


to reduce - уменьшать, снижать   to develop - развивать
to treat - лечить research - исследование
drugs - лекарства anxious - тревожный, озабоченный
a percent - процент to cause - вызывать, причинять
to compare - сравнивать a source - источник

Research says having a pet dog helps to reduce children's stress. A study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that petting a dog is a greater way to help stressed kids than treating them with drugs. Researchers looked at 643 young children over an 18-month period. They found that children who have a pet dog are less stressed than children without a dog. Just twelve percent of children with pets had signs of stress. This can be compared   with 21 per cent of children with no dog. This will not surprise parents of children who have a dog. They know dogs are great for helping children to develop.

There are many things about the research that are still unclear. Researchers do not know if less anxious children have pet dogs, or if pet dogs make children less anxious. The research just showed a link between pet dogs and children's stress. Pet dogs help children start conversations. This is often difficult for children and can cause them stress. A pet dog can be a source of comfort for children. The dog can also be a friend to a small child - the pet is told all his or her secrets and stories. Sometimes a pet dog is so important that its name can be the first word the child speaks.

Answer the following questions:
Is the information TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
Match the words and the translation.
Read about the Passive Voice and choose the proper form of the verb.
Fill in the gaps with "then" or "than".
Change the following sentences using the Passive Voice.
Translate the sentences into English.
Make up sentences with the following words:
Express your opinion on the following: