UNIT: An apple a day keeps the doctor away

Pre-Intermediate. Reported Speech. She said that.... Спорт/Здоровье


a heart attack - сердечный приступ, инфаркт to contain - содержать
a stroke - удар, инсульт to lower - снижать
to prevent - предотвращать quantity - количество
at midnight - в полночь raw - сырой
benefit - выгода, преимущество to stew - тушить, томить

New research says eating an apple every day can protect your body from a heart attack. The research is from Oxford University in England. The researchers said if people in England over 50 years old ate a daily apple, 8,500 fewer people would die each year from heart attacks and strokes.   They added that if all adults ate more fruit and vegetables every day, there would be 11,000 fewer deaths in England. Lead researcher Dr Adam Briggs explained how healthier eating could have big effects on our health. He said: "It just shows how effective small changes in diet can be, and that both drugs and healthier living can make a real difference in preventing heart disease and stroke." However, you should remember that eating fruit at midnight is not good, because there is a lot of sugar in fruit and it can influence your weight. The best decision is to eat fruit in the morning, for breakfast, for example.

The phrase "an apple a day keeps the doctor away" entered the English language over 100 years ago. People in the 19th century knew about the benefits of apples. Scientists in the 21st century are still telling us. Apples contain chemicals that lower cholesterol in our bodies. Too much cholesterol increases the risk of having a heart attack. Wikipedia.com says there are more than 7,500 different kinds of apples. In 2010, we ate 69 million tons of the fruit, but at present, the quantity of people eating fruit decreased. China grows nearly half of the world's apples. The USA is the second-leading producer, with around six per cent of world production. People do many things with apples, from eating them raw, baking them, stewing them, and making sauces and cakes with them.

Answer the following questions:
Is the information TRUE, FALSE or NOT GIVEN?
Match the words and the translation.
Read about the Reported Speech and choose the proper form of the verb.
Fill in the gaps with the following words in the necessary form:
Change the following sentences using the Reported Speech.
Translate the sentences into English.
Make up sentences with the following words:
Express your opinion on the following: